Barb Wollan: $1,400 stimulus has some key differences from previous ones
People are excited about the extra $1,400 stimulus payments that are coming. Just one day after the bill was signed, I heard by the grapevine that some folks already received their payment. More received it this past week, and more will be receiving it in the next several weeks. Even though Americans knew this was coming, and even though it is the third in a series of payments promoting economic recovery from the impact of the pandemic, it does involve some differences worth noting.
- All dependents qualify. Under the earlier stimulus payments, households received extra payment only for dependents who were eligible for the Child Tax Credit (i.e. under age 17). However, the new round of payments will include dependents who are older children, parents or others. Caveat: it may not be safe to assume that this includes dependents who are not relatives or other atypical dependents — we will need to watch how the law is applied. This is the biggest change, and will affect many families.
- The payments are available to people below certain income limits, just as before, but this time the phaseout is steeper. The phaseouts are as follows: Single Filers and Married Filing Separate phase out from $75,000-$80,000; Head of Household phases out from $112,500-$120,000; Married Filing Joint, from $150,000-$160,000.
- The steep phaseout means that for some households, the difference in income from one year to the next may be important. The income guidelines may be applied to your income for either of two or three tax years, and if you meet the rule for any of the years, then you will be eligible. For starters, they will check your most recently-filed return, which may be either 2019 or 2020. If you were below the threshold for 2019 but above it for 2020, it may be worthwhile to delay filing your 2020 return until you receive your payment. If your 2020 income is within the limits, then your 2020 return will be used, as long as it is filled within 90 days of the tax-filing deadline of May 17, 2020. And if you didn’t qualify based on 2020, you can still receive the payment as part of your 2021 tax return. One key implication: if your income in a normal year would put you above the limits, but you had lower income in 2020, then get your 2020 tax return filed before that deadline of 90 days after May 17.
- If the payment is made based on your 2019 or 2020 income, and then your 2021 income proves to be above the limit, you will not need to pay anything back.
Barb Wollan is a family finance specialist with Iowa State University Extension and Outreach. For more information or for help with thinking through financial decisions, contact her through your local office of ISU Extension and Outreach (Story County: 515-382-6551 or www.extension.iastate.edu/story) or directly (515-832-9597 or firstname.lastname@example.org).